Artificial Insemination

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What is "artificial insemination?"

Artificial Insemination

Artificial insemination is the process by which an egg is fertilized in the absence of intercourse. Intercourse to achieve pregnancy is termed "natural conception." So, it follows that means other than natural conception could be regarded as "artificial" insemination.

  1. Artificial insemination may involve different techniques, including: intra-uterine insemination - where sperm are instilled or injected into the uterus, after a retrieval or sperm donation.
  2. in vitro fertilization - where sperm and egg are joined in a petri dish or test tube, then implanted into the uterus.
Both of these processes fall under the umbrella term "assistive reproductive technologies" so-called because pregnancy is not achieved without outside medical assistance.

Ideally, a couple or woman under the age of 35 should attempt natural conception for 1 year before seeking fertility assistance. For women over the age of 35, 6 months is the current standard. Talk to your gynecologist about Artificial Insemination to see if this is the right assistive reproductive technology for you.



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